Ocracoke's history & its people

Joe Burrus, The Last Ocracoke Lighthouse Keeper

August 2010
By Philip Howard

The most recognizable symbol of Ocracoke Is­land is the lighthouse. This simple 75 foot tall white tower with a steady beam has been guiding mariners for one hundred and eighty-seven years. Built in 1823at a cost of just over $11,000.00 (the total cost included construc­tion of the keeper’s quarters), the lighthouse continues to inspire seafarers, islanders, casual visitors, artists, and photographers.

Although Clyde Farrow was technically the last keep­er of the Ocracoke lighthouse, Joe Burrus, who preceded him, is most often remem­bered as the last of the tradi­tional keepers.

Captain Joe, as he was frequently called, was a Hatterasman. His wife, Elea­nor, affectionately called “Miss El,” was born on Hatteras as well. Captain Joe retired in 1946, after serving forty-three years with the US Lighthouse Service, his last sixteen years at Ocracoke. During his long career in both Virginia and North Carolina, Captain Joe served at Tangier, Virginia; Thimble Shoal, Virginia; Dia­mond Shoal Lightship, NC; Cape Lookout, NC; Croatan, NC; Cape Hatteras, NC; Ol­iver’s Reef, NC; Bluff Shoal, NC; and Ocracoke.

During the severe winter of 1917-1918 much of Pam­lico Sound was frozen solid. Joe Burrus was stationed at that time on the old screw-pile lighthouse at Bluff Shoal, about seven and one half miles from Ocracoke. Ac­cording to old timers the cold lasted so long that for several weeks no supply boats could reach the light station on Bluff Shoal. Eventually Captain Joe ventured out onto the ice and walked quite a distance. Whether he was attempt­ing to walk all the way to dry land, or just trying to relieve the boredom, is uncertain. At any rate he turned back and remained at the lighthouse until the weather broke and food and supplies were final­ly delivered to him.

When the supply boat eventually made contact with Captain Joe the seaman re­ported that the lighthouse keeper had run out of food. Of much more concern to Captain Burrus, however, was the fact that he had used up his supply of chewing tobac­co. Maybe that’s what he was after when he stepped out onto the ice that cold winter day. We’re told he had resort­ed to chewing boat caulking before the supply boat ar­rived.

By all accounts Captain Joe was a likeable, entertain­ing, and humorous Outer Banker. Aycock Brown, in his November, 1941 issue of the Ocracoke Island Beacon reports that “Captain Bur­rus is a Republican (he likes to tell people that he is the only “out and out” GOP man on the island), but among his best friends are Congressman Bonner, Comptroller General Warren and others, all out­standing Democrats.”

According to Brown, “Capt. Burrus is a Hatterasman, but on the beach road at Oc­racoke he has built a beauti­ful cottage where he will live with Mrs. Burrus and family after he retires.”

After retiring from the lighthouse service in 1946, Captain Joe lived in his new cottage until he died eight years later. After Miss El died, their son, Oscar, inherited the house, and later Oscar’s daughter acquired it. In the 1970s Ann Ehringhaus pur­chased the house and opened Oscar’s House Bed & Break­fast. Until a fire damaged the kitchen some years ago Ann claimed that she still oc­casionally heard Captain Joe walking from room to room upstairs, especially on dark, cold winter nights when Ann was alone in the downstairs parlor.

Recently I discovered an Ocracoke story recounted by B.A. Botkin in his 1957 long-titled book, A Treasury of American Anecdotes, Sly, Salty, Shaggy Stories of He­roes and Hellions, Beguilers and Buffoons, Spellbinders and Scapegoats, Gagsters and Gossips, from the Grassroots & Sidewalks of America.

On page 62 Botkin tells the story he calls The Greatest To­bacco Chewer on Ocracoke Island. When I discovered the reference to this story on the internet I knew I must find the book and read the entire story. I was pleasantly sur­prised to learn that Botkin’s tale is an only slightly differ­ent version of a story about Captain Joe that I had heard from one of the island’s old time storytellers (although Botkin identifies his charac­ter as “Old Marty” this story is clearly about Joe Burrus).

It seems that Miss El, or so it was told, chanced to look out her back doorway and noticed Captain Joe walking through the yard dragging something behind him attached to a string. She wondered what he was up to when she real­ized that he was turning the corner into the side yard. She walked into the parlor and opened the front door. Here came Joe dragging that object behind him. Next thing Miss El knew her husband was again in the back yard.

When he rounded the cor­ner into the front yard once more Miss El called out to him. “What in the devil are you up to, Joe, traipsing around the yard hauling that old piece of string behind you? The neighbors will think you’ve gone off your rocker.”

“El,” Captain Joe, replied, “I’ve lost my chewin’ tobaccy. So I’ve decided to tie my false teeth to this here string and drag them through the yard. If that tobaccy is anywhere in the vicinity these teeth will latch onto it, sure as my name is Joe Burrus.”

Philip Howard enjoys researching island history which enriches his avocation as a story teller. Philip and his daughter, Amy are doing a program at Deepwater The­ater at 8 PM on Monday eve­nings called “You Ain’t Heard Nothin’ Yet, Strange Stories & Quirky Tales of Ocracoke Is­land.”