place names map

May 2010

by Philip Howard

In the 1970s Ronnie Midg­ett and his wife Diane moved to Ocracoke. Ron­nie had been called as pastor of the Assembly of God church. Although Ronnie was from coastal North Carolina, neither he nor Diane had spent much time on Ocracoke Island. They had a lot to learn — people, customs, traditions, distinctive vocabulary, and island place names. All of this could be con­fusing to any newcomer.

Names of places and areas on Ocracoke continue to be­fuddle visitors and new resi­dents.

In the village there are two major areas, Around Creek (on the north side of Cockle Creek [since about 1940 frequently referred to as Silver Lake Har­bor], including where the Com­munity Store, Howard Street, and the school are located), and Down Point (on the south side of Cockle Creek, including Albert Styron’s Store, the As­sembly of God church, and the lighthouse). There is also Up Trent (a vaguely defined area beyond the end of British Cem­etery Road, toward the Oyster Creek development, and north of the Community Cemetery).

Within these sections of the village lie Nubbin’s Ridge, Cat Ridge, Paddy’s Holler, Spring­er’s Point, Windmill Point, Gun Barrel Point, Base Docks, and other areas.

Beyond the village are creeks, hills, knolls, and woods, each with its own distinc­tive name. They include Loop Shack Hill, Scrag Cedars, The Plains, Green Island, The Wells, Quawk’s Point, Cedar Ham­mock, Old Hammock, and Billy Goat Hill, to name but a few.

Nearby, in Pamlico Sound, you can visit Hog Shoal and Howard’s Reef, as well as Stone Rock, Legged Lump, Wallace’s Channel, and closer by, the Ditch.

Ocracokers refer to the en­tire area of the island north of the village with one general term, “down below.” If you are traveling to the lifeguard beach, the NPS campground, the Pony Pen, or nearly anywhere else in the park you are going down below. But curiously, if you are traveling beyond Hatteras Inlet you are going “up the beach” (but definitely not “up beach” [a particularly egregious error] as any native islander will quickly point out to new residents!).

After moving to the island, Ronnie and Diane Midgett immediately immersed them­selves in the community. Before two weeks had passed Ronnie could often be seen about the village, visiting parishioners, talking with folks at the Com­munity Store, and frequenting the fish house. One day around noon Diane was expecting Ronnie home for lunch. When he didn’t appear she called Tradewinds Tackle Shop where Ronnie often stopped to chat. Louise O’Neal answered the phone. When Diane asked if she’d seen Ronnie, Louise said that Ronnie could probably be found down below. Not under­standing the local reference Di­ane immediately worried that the islanders had already, at least figuratively, assigned Pas­tor Ronnie to the underworld!

If you are interested in learning more about Ocracoke Island place names be sure to get Len Skinner & Debbie Well’s “Complete, Illustrated Map of Ocracoke Island.” They have researched the geogra­phy of the island thoroughly and have included many of the traditional place names, as well as contemporary landmarks, roads, and buildings.

I recently discovered two ar­ticles written by C. A. Weslager who visited Ocracoke in 1949. He was also fascinated with the many place names he en­countered. Weslager completes his survey of Ocracoke Island place names by commenting that “It would be highly inter­esting to compile a list of the Ocracoke place names twenty to fifty years hence for com­parison with those of today.” In fact, most of the names Weslager cites are still in use today. However, some of the features have eroded or com­pletely disappeared due to wind and tide. For example, some creeks have simply dried up, and once prominent sand hills have blown away. Other features have changed dramat­ically because of human activ­ity. Nevertheless, local names for many geographical areas persist, especially among na­tive born O’cockers.

Philip Howard enjoys re­searching island history. You can read more of his Ocracoke stories on line at

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