Fishing

Restoring the “Blanche” – A Traditional Ocracoke Fishing Boat

Blanche boat photo jpg

Photo by Susse Wright

September 2011
By Pat Garber

Seventy-five years ago an Ocracoke fisherman, Stacy Howard, commis­sioned a master boat-builder, Tom ‘Neal, to begin building him a fine new fishing boat. The work was finished by another island boat-builder, Homer Howard, who added a rounded cabin near the prow. Proud of his well-designed craft–a traditional deadris­er—Stacy Howard gave it the name of his teenaged daugh­ter, Blanche. (He had another boat, the “Lela”, named for his older daughter.) Blanche Howard Joliff, now in her nineties, still remembers how happy she was when her fa­ther named the boat for her.

This past spring the “Blanche”, now belonging to the Ocracoke Preservation Society, was once more the object of much sawing and hammering, as boat-build­ers and volunteers set out to restore her to her former glory. (Boats are tradition­ally referred to in the femi­nine gender.) Craig Wright, a boat-builder at the North Carolina Maritime Museum in Beaufort, NC, was commis­sioned to oversee the work. He, along several volunteers from the Maritime Museum, worked with Ocracoke vol­unteers Tom Wright and Tom Payne to replace the rotten wood in the deck, the rub-rails, the washboards and the gunwales, and apply a new coat of paint. With the work near completion, the Blanche looks great!

Today she sits in a wooden cradle in the yard of the Oc­racoke Museum, where she serves as an exhibit of Oc­racoke’s maritime heritage. Her story provides a fasci­nating look at the island’s fishing traditions from the 1930s until 2006. In that year, the “Blanche” was donated to the museum by another island fisherman, James Bar­rie Gaskill (the son of one of the boat’s former owners) and since then she has shown how, through contributions of time, hard work, and money, a community can save and pre­serve a part of its culture.

The history of the Blanche was compiled by talking to islanders and fishermen who remembered and worked on the boat. Maurice Ballance was about seven years old when his uncle by marriage had the “Blanche” built. Mau­rice recalled the day they “set her up” with keel and ribs of juniper brought over on one of the freight boats that used to run between Washington NC and Ocracoke. Once the boat was finished, he said, they got a Ford car engine, geared so low that there was no reverse, and added a propeller and a cooling sys­tem using water that moved through a kicker-pipe. The “Blanche” was now ready to go, and Stacy’s daughter Blanche went out fishing on her with her father. “One day I caught 57 bluefish and I thought I had done some­thing,” she smilingly recalled.

Stacy Howard used the “Blanche” to long-haul (in which two boats drag a long net to shore and one circles around to bail the fish) for trout, spot and sea mullets. He also did sink-netting in the ocean for bottom fish, according to Maurice, and one time, “Stacy and Mur­ray Spencer, who was fishing with him, like to get swamped coming in. They were running before the sea—the boat will run with you, then snake be­fore the breakers. Another breaker swamped her, and she was half full of water!”

He later started taking out fishing parties–visitors to the island who wanted a real fishing experience. Maurice Ballance and Ronald “Conk” O’Neal crewed for him, bait­ing hooks and taking the fish off the lines.

“That boat’s been through hell…” mused Maurice. “It was wrecked up some dur­ing the Storm of ‘44, when it broke the stake it was tied to in the harbor and went into a piling. Preacher Dixon and I waded out and cut her loose and retied her, but some boards were damaged.

After Stacy died, the “Blanche” went to his son-in-law, Archie Wahab, who transferred her to his cousin, Elisha “Lishe” Ballance. Lishe was a former Coast Guards­man who worked for the Na­tional Park Service. His son Gene, who was in high school at the time, remembered him moving the boat to the Base Docks, where he repaired the cabin. He worked on her for a year or two, but never got an engine for her. He sold her to Lum Gaskill, who rechris­tened her the “Candyjoe” after his grandchildren Candy and Joe. Vince O’Neal, who now owns the Pony Island Restau­rant, remembered swimming around the Candyjoe (or Blanche) when she was tied up near Lum Gaskill’s dock. “Yeah,” admitted Vince, “we snuck up on her sometimes at night when no one was watching and jumped off. We were kids, you know!”

Upon Lum’s death in 1975 Bill Patman (a grandson of Bill Gaskill, owner of the Pamlico Inn) acquired the boat. Then Maurice took her to Qwawk Hammock, where he planned to use her for long-hauling. Somebody broke into her and stole the battery, anchor, and other items, so Maurice abandoned his plan. “The Blanche” sank to the bottom of the creek, and it looked as if she would meet the same sad ending as many another old wooden boat.

Instead, Anthony “Moose” Mutro bought her, pulled her up and, in cooperation with his uncle, Irvin Styron, started putting her back into work­ing shape. In 1977 Moose got a job in Elizabeth City, so he transferred ownership of the Blanche to his uncle. Irvin in­stalled a rebuilt Chrysler Ma­rine engine in her and later, with the help of his daughter Ada and Junius Austin, put on a new cabin and deck.

He used her for mulleting and crabbing, always accom­panied by his black Labrador retriever, Pisces. Moose’s son, Dale Mutro, now the post­man at Ocracoke, remem­bered going clamming on the “Blanche” with his dad, Ir­vin, and Irvin’s son Ray over at Lewes Shoal, near Ports­mouth.

Ocracoke fisherman Rex O’Neal also recalled going out crabbing with Irvin; “he would go out when other fishermen couldn’t, she (the “Blanche”) was such a sea­worthy boat.” Captain Rudy Austin added that “a lot of them would be out crabbing on the other side of the Le­high, back in the ‘80s when crabbing was good. When it got rough and the rest of us were having a hard time in our flat bottom boats, Irvin would be riding along crab­bing at ease.”

Irvin’s daughter Ada worked often worked with her father, and she remem­bered that “I ran the boat and he pulled the pots. One day while we were fishing pots I looked up and there were two waterspouts out on the sound. They sat down on the water and it got real rough. I wanted to go in, but Daddy said ‘we’re going to finish the pots—there’s only twenty-five left. Well, the waves start­ed breaking over the boat and stalled the engine. The new deck boards had swelled up so the water couldn’t get through to where the bilge pump was, and the boat was filling up with water. We were scrambling around, ripping up boards and trying to get her started again. We got her running and we finished the pots, but I quit when we got back!” Ada chuckled a bit as she recalled the incident, adding that she’d quit quite a few times but always went back to work with her father.

Irvin also used the “Blanche” for shrimping, according to Moose. He at­tached a short mast and used removable outriggers so that he could shrimp on the back side of the island and down Core Sound.

Irvin’s son, Ray Styron, in­herited the “Blanche” upon his father’s death in 1986. He re-named her the “Shoestring” and used her for shrimping. Ocracoke fisherman James Barrie Gaskill recalled the time he, in his boat the “Lady Ellen,” pulled Ray off a shoal when he had run aground on Six Mile Reef. Later Ray pulled the boat on shore and lived in her for a while. Then his cousins Stevie and Tubba O’Neal bought her, removed the mast, and installed a die­sel engine, though they never got her running.

It was after this that James Barrie Gaskill, the son of Lum O’Neal, acquired the “Blanche”. He began, along with his friend Don Wood, restoring her to use as a plea­sure boat. When Don died, James Barrie gave up the project and asked the Oc­racoke Preservation Society if they would like to have her. The transfer was a long and involved process, but on April 29th, 2006, the old deadriser officially became the prop­erty of OPS and the Ocracoke Museum.

The “Blanche’s” life at sea was over, but her new role as a mu­seum exhibit was just beginning. A “Save an Old Boat” committee was formed and fund-raising began. Grants from the Marion Stedman Covington Foundation, the Mary Duke Biddle Founda­tion, and the Ocracoke Occu­pancy Tax Board helped fund the project, as well as generous do­nations from individuals. Mean­while, volunteers worked hard to construct a wooden cradle to hold the boat securely and then to move her. With the assistance of a backhoe and lots of warm bodies she was brought from Oyster Creek to the museum, lifted from her trailer, and placed in the cradle.

The following year a shelter was built to protect the “Blanche” from the weather, and two years later a viewing platform was add­ed. Then, in late 2010, plans were firmed up for actual restoration work to begin. OPS contracted with Craig Wright, a self-de­scribed “Yankee-Tarheel” (he was born in North Carolina but spent most of his life in Connecticut) who worked as a boat-builder at the NC Maritime Museum. Craig has been building boats since he was nine years old, he said, and he arrived back in North Caroli­na “single-handing” (sailing solo) an ocean-going boat that he had built.

Tom Wright and Tom Payne, both Ocracoke residents, took a trip to Beaufort to meet with Craig and get some ideas for starting the work. The two Toms began building ribs, according to Craig’s instructions, in the spring of 2011. Craig Wright came to the island and worked for two days a week through the month of May and into June, bringing with him different volunteers from the museum in Beaufort. Ernie Ortiz, Vic Fasolino, Walt Geist, and Bill McDade are great guys, Craig said, and all donated their time and services to restore the Blanche.

Tom Wright and Tom Payne donated not only their time but also the use of their shops and tools to further the project. Other Ocracokers helped out as well, providing meals, taking photos, and doing whatever else was asked.

The work on the Blanche is not yet complete, however, and more donations are needed to finish it. The next steps will in­clude building a rounded cabin, similar to the one depicted in a 1936 photograph, and attaching an engine similar to the original one Maurice Ballance described.

If you come to the island be sure to come to the Ocracoke Museum, located near the Park Service Visitor Center, and stop by the back yard to see this lovely boat and learn about Ocracoke’s commercial fishing tradition.

If you want to make a donation for her continuing restoration, you can send a check to “Save an Old Boat Fund” Ocracoke Preservation Soci­ety Box 1240 Ocracoke NC 27960, donate online, or donate at the Oc­racoke Museum Gift Shop