Photo by Hatteras Island Wildlife Rehabilitation

Reprinted courtesy of Island Free Press
Feb. 5, 2021
By Joy Crist

A struggling and cold-stunned 120-pound loggerhead sea turtle was transported to the STAR Center in Manteo after a physically-demanding endeavor that required a harness, a roughly half-mile trek and a lot of manpower from a makeshift team of volunteers.

Frank Welles, the Hatteras Island coordinator for the Network for Endangered Sea Turtles (NEST), spotted the motionless turtle in the Pamlico Sound during a routine patrol in his kayak.

Photo by Hatteras Island Wildlife Rehabilitation

Local volunteers regularly monitor the Hatteras Island shorelines after a cold spell, looking for cold-stunned sea turtles in need of assistance. As cold-blooded reptiles, sea turtles derive heat from their surroundings, and when they become too cold their metabolism slows, prohibiting them from moving and from migrating to warmer waters.

The volunteers primarily search for stranded turtles along the sound side, covering private property in the villages and areas that are not routinely patrolled by the National Park Service. Welles, for example, lives near the Frisco Woods Campground. So he patrols his own backyard as well as the long stretch of sound front that borders this corner of Frisco.

“When the water temperatures get down into the 40s, that’s when everyone turns out and starts looking,” says Welles. “Almost always when we get cold weather, it’s accompanied by north to northwest winds, which pushes the cold-stunned turtles closer to (shore.)”

Welles says it’s unusual to find large sea turtles in trouble, simply because of their size. “Generally, we get around three to five of them a year,” he says. “Because they are so much bigger, they will tolerate a lot more cold than smaller turtles, but this guy was probably not feeling good, as well… His shell had a lot of (marine material) growing on it. So that’s an indication that he was not swimming at full speed.”

Once Welles spotted the turtle about 30 feet into the Pamlico Sound, he connected with local volunteers, including Lou Browning of Hatteras Island Wildlife Rehabilitation. Welles says he also had a couple of friends who just happened to be visiting, (and who work in domestic animal rescue), and they joined in the transportation efforts.

The team of five then gently hoisted the turtle into a harness to transport it to a waiting car roughly a half mile away. “I had to paddle the boat back, so I skipped the hard part,” says Welles with a laugh. “I left them to do all the work, and I just paddled home.”

The harness has four handles, so the team of five volunteers took turns gently lugging the loggerhead back to shore. “It was a good hour from when I found it to when we got the turtle back to car,” says Welles.

They transported it to the Buxton staging site, and representatives from Nags Head came and took it back to the STAR Center.

“I joke that we need a helicopter for transportation sometimes,” says Welles.

When he initially spotted the sea turtle, Welles was not sure if the turtle was alive due to the lack of motion, but subtle movements along the way indicated that the loggerhead was holding on, and could be rescued. “This story has a happy ending,” Welles said.

Photo by Hatteras Island Wildlife Rehabilitation

The number of sea turtles that the Hatteras Island volunteers rescue can vary greatly from year to year. The winter of 2019/2020 was a particularly busy season with more than 100 sea turtles rescued after a single cold snap in January alone.

But Frank says that with the more mild temperatures over the past few weeks, this winter – so far – has been somewhat uneventful.

“It’s probably going to be a record-slow season this year, which is very good news for the turtles,” says Welles. “But whenever you’re around the water in the winter, always keep an eye out for cold-stunned turtles, and especially after a cold snap, which is when they will appear.”

How you can help:
If you spot a cold-stunned sea turtle in or along the Pamlico Sound, contact the 24-hour NEST hotline at 252-441-8622. Folks can also call Frank Welles at 252-995-2417 or the Hatteras Island Wildlife Rehabilitation at 252-475-4217.

For more information on NEST, and to make a donation or learn about volunteer opportunities, visit

For more information on Hatteras Island Wildlife Rehabilitation and/or to make a donation for the local rescue organization, visit their website at or their Facebook page at

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